Sub-national action in India on climate change have expanded manifold since the announcement of the National Action Plan on Climate Change and the development of State Action Plans on Climate Change
Topic: Climate Change Adaptation and State Actions
Host: GIZ India
- Adaptation to climate change features in many Nationally Determined Contributions (NDCs) and has been concretised for implementation after the Paris Agreement came into force in 2016. There is growing recognition of the fact that CCA takes place at local levels to compensate for the effects of a changing climate, and how that adaptation takes place depends on institutional, political, economic, social factors, as well as policy direction provided by the government. In order to mainstream CCA into developmental planning processes, it is imperative to understand the links between climate change and national and local developmental needs, priorities and strategies. This is an iterative process and will follow the ‘evidence-based policy making’ process once risk and vulnerability assessments (RVAs), socio-economic analysis, and demonstration projects reveal the need for making CCA an integral part of budgeting, financing, implementation and monitoring as a standard practice. The process of mainstreaming CCA will need intensive stakeholder engagement from inception through to policy development, implementation and monitoring.
- The side event focused on showcasing the approach of Comprehensive Climate Risk Management as well as the actions on climate change at the state level in India. Dr. Ashish Chaturvedi (GIZ) India shared an analytical framework on developing a Comprehensive Climate Risk Framework for India. Harjeet Singh (ActionAid) suggested that such frameworks should be developed in close cooperation with communities and incorporate their perception of risks. Perspectives from state government representatives as well as a research institute working on climate risk management and adaptation actions at the state level were presented with a focus on case studies from the states of Odisha, Chattisgarh, Puducherry and Sunderbans area of West Bengal. Lydia Powell (Observer Research Foundation) presented opportunities for climate resilient livelihoods in the Sunderban area of West Bengal. Mr. Pradip Kumar Jena presented the experiences of Odisha in developing the SAPCC as well as their experiences of accessing domestic and international finance. Presenting the results from beach regeneration project in Puducherry, Mr. P Vipin Babu said that assessing climate related vulnerabilities has been a crucial achievement of the process of developing SAPCCs. Mr. Arvind Boaz presented the experience of Chattisgarh focusing on the forest sector vulnerabilities and their strategy for implementing the SAPCC through the Forest department. The key messages that emerged from the session are:
- Sub-national action in India on climate change have expanded manifold since the announcement of the National Action Plan on Climate Change and the development of State Action Plans on Climate Change. Significant capacities have been developed. However, there is still need for capacity development especially in updating the scientific content of the state action plans on climate change.
- The SAPCCs have to be downscaled so that they can be implemented at the level of districts as well as villages. Pilot efforts need to be upscaled through policy initiatives that support the downscaling of the state action plans.
- With significant investments in capacity building at the state level, there is a clear need for the development of approaches that bring the disaster management and climate change communities together to develop workable solutions for the communities. These solutions have to be developed jointly with the communities as they have the local knowledge and expertise of their felt vulnerabilities. The development of a framework that guides action on climate change beyond adaptation and mitigation to deal with residual risks is the need of the hour.
- Financing of subnational actions on climate change requires significant resources. Mobilising of domestic public finance for climate action needs to be coupled with support for accessing international resources. Development of investment plans and financing strategies for climate action is an immediate need.